Basic Information of the Phu Quoc Ridgeback from Vietnam (FAQ)
Where did the Phu Quoc Ridgeback dog breed originate? In what part of Vietnam is the dog from?
The Phu Quoc Ridgeback dog is Native to Vietnam and originates from the southernmost point of the Kiên Giang Province which includes the Island of Phu Quoc. A written history of the Phu Quoc Ridgeback’s history has not been well documented, however there are still a few elders on the island that have carried on the tradition of telling the story of the dog through a oral storytelling culture.
Enthusiasts and experts believe that all Ridgeback breeds which includes the Phu Quoc Ridgeback, Rhodesian, and Thai Ridgebacks, originated in Africa, due to their distinct ridge markings along the spine and historic evidence suggesting Ridgebacks are descendants of a Khoi dog that was used by the Hottentots tribe in Zimbabwe, Africa as hunting and guard dogs.
Ancestors of the Khoi Dog?
The Khoi dog developed on the savannahs of Africa and was a dog that ran fast, was strong, a great guarddog, yet patient with children. A very intelligent working dog, barking sledom and sheds and drools very little. A dog that has dveloped an elegant gait, graceful in stature and very cat like. Although this ancestral connection to the Khoi dog of Africa has never been confirmed scientifically by genetics and DNA with the Phu Quoc Ridgeback, there is research supporting this connection to the Rhodesian Ridgeback.
Description & Appearance
Unique Characteristics of the Phu Quoc Ridgeback Dog
A medium sized dog with a body shape that is muscular, compact, slim and fit. Very little fat. Smallish head ending in a pointed snout. Very long straight legs with a deep chest cavity that is v-shaped (not broad) with stomach tucked in, unnoticeable.
Head and Muzzle
Moderately long snout and usually have black edges.
Wrinkled skin on their forehead and under their jaw. Ears
V-shaped and slightly cupped with a medium ear length of 8 cm. The ears stand forward when erect caused by excitement or fear or approaching animals or humans. Eyes
Yellow-gold and black Tongue
Black spots to completely black. Body Length
Females from 48cm to 52cm
Males from 52cm to 55cm Body Height
Males from 48 cm to 54 cm.
Females from 45 to 50 cm. Legs
Legs are strong, straight, solid. Feet and legs are close together when dog is standing. Feet (paws)
Stance: feet close together, raised with distinct webbed skin between the toes, extending nearly to the tip. Nails
Black and pointed outwards from the paw. Nails do not touch the ground while walking or running. Tail
Tail is tapered from larger at the base and coming to a point at the end. The tail is curved upwards and does not touch the body. Hair & Coat
Short, straight hair, with some dogs having fine or coarse hair. Hair length is very short from 1 cm to 2 cm. Color
Dark Reddish Brown, Golden Brown, Black (solid black without or other colours), Tiger Striped (yellowish-black and reddish-black & white and black)
Males from 14 kg to 18 kg
Females from 12 kg to 16 kg
Behavior & Temperament
Intelligent, Affectionate, Confident, Loyal, Brave and Playful
Even temperament, friendly, loyal, courageous. Intelligent and very easy to train.
Strong sense of smell (Olfactory development).
Expert hunters, swimmers and climbers.
Activities and Functions
Guarding owner’s premises and hunting.
Relentless: boundless energy and not a placid dog
A Team Dog!
Works and behaves well with other dogs; highly sociable. Cats may be a problem unless the young dog is brought up with a few cats: Phu Quoc dogs are natural hunters and chases anything that moves quickly within their sight and grasp.
Agility & Coordination
Extremely agile and have good coordination, even when puppies.
They need lots of space because they have boundless energy and need a space to use it work off it.
Drink lots of water due to their hyper activity (energy output) and the heat and humidity of Southern Vietnam. Also are voracious eaters due to their energy requirements
Exercise Requirements of Phu Quoc Dogs
They need regular walking and exercise. Never keep these dogs tied up for long periods of time or they will cry, bark extremely loud and destroy anything and everything within their perimeter.
Health & Genetic Issues & Breeding
Females are the Perfect Dog Mother
The Phu Quoc Ridgeback is hearty breed and has a toughness of spirit however these dogs can suffer from GSD (Glycogen Storage Disease), Dermoid Sinus (a serious ailment that can be detected while the dog is a puppy), Hip Dysplasia and other joint aliments such as Arthritis and Patellar Luxation (dislocation of the knee).
Females sexually mature at 8 months old. Average of 5 young per litter. Very excellent parenting skills and Phu Quoc female dogs tend to burrow in the ground to give birth. Females are quite capable to deliver puppies with minimum intervention (unless complications arise). They are extremely sensitive and attentive to riding the breeding area of waste from their puppies thereby removing smells. A primitive trait to protect their offspring from scavengers.
14-16 years on average.
Diet & Feeding
An Energetic Dog that Requires High Level of Calories